How to Keep Normal Range Blood Sugar Levels Even if You Have Complicated Type 2 Diabetes
First, let us define the normal range blood sugar levels, which are not fixed numbers, but ranges. Since the amount of glucose in an individual's blood varies due to several factors, these ranges are simple acceptable, statistical norms.
For most normal (non-diabetic) individuals, normal glucose level means a blood sugar concentration of below 120 mg/dl and above 80 mg/dl measured about 2 hours after a meal.
These persons will also have readings of 70-100 mg/dL fasting blood glucose level. This is usually measured 6-8 hours after your last meal. It is most convenient to have this done in the mornings before breakfast. In the case of a laboratory test in order to determine the HbA1c (hemoglobin A1c), the patient would normally not have eaten since dinner time the previous day.
Normal range blood sugar levels is automatically controlled by the pancreas in non-diabetics. This requires deliberate and careful attention from people with diabetes and their caregivers. If a safe method can be reached without treatment side effects, this might be the best course. The anti-diabetes diet and lifestyle approach is one such means.
Dangerous blood sugar levels
There are many diabetics whose blood sugar levels were discovered to be dangerously high - especially at diagnosis. While it is normal to have blood glucose levels between 80 mg/dl and 120 mg/dl for most of the day. However, diagnoses have been made on patients with levels in the 400's, 500's and above.
For normal range blood sugar levels, diabetics need to test regularly, have an anti-diabetes diet, and exercise regularly
Similarly, low blood sugar - a condition called hypoglycemia - occurs when the blood glucose level falls below 65 or 70 mg/dl. Both extremes, hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are common in diabetes and pose serious health risks and death.
Preparing for your fasting glucose tests
Patients who normally have low blood sugars in the mornings usually have difficulty staying without food on the morning before a blood test. It is important that you plan such visits to the doctor carefully and have someone else drive you to the doctor's office if necessary. You can make sure you get a very early appointment with your doctor. In fact, I usually like this, since I can get back and have my breakfast, usually before 9:30 AM.
Normal range blood sugar levels are also less than 130 mg/dL after a meal. The blood glucose level for a diabetic usually exceeds this value if it is not controlled.
Below 65 (hypoglycemia), sweating (cold sweat), edgy, shakiness, hunger, appear confused or irritable - it's an akward feeling. It has happened several times. One morning at work before 10:30 AM I had a hypoglycemic attack. When I realized I started to sweat on the forehead, I shakily tested my blood sugar and it was 60mg/dl.
Below 50 mg/dl things start to get really dangerous. There can be progressive loss of mental function and the patient can go into a diabetic coma. Above 180 mg/dL to 200 mg/dl there is difficulty for the kidneys to re-absorb glucose, hence the sugar spills into the urine. Hence the name diabetes which means sweet urine. At higher levels, 400 to 500+ mg/dl impairment of mental functions may be noticed as well. Persisting at this level of blood glucose concentration can also lead to abnormal mental function.
The quest for normal fasting blood sugar levels
The challenge of every diabetic is to have normal range blood sugar levels at all times and thereby minimize or eliminate the risk of ordan damage. The popular method of achieving this usually includes drug or insulin therapy, along with diet and lifestyle intervention. For type 2 diabetes, it has been shown - and this author has proven it by personal experience - that normal blood glucose levels can be maintained by regulating the diet, having regular moderate exercise, proper rest and some amount of diet supplementation.
Given the many factors, such as dietary habits, body weight, total cholesterol levels, etc. that influence or are related to the metabolic syndrome, diabetics will find control from incorporating some or all of the lifestyle changes - the greater the change the more the benefit. More dietary measures of obtaining normal range blood sugar levels are proven by science and the number of effective options for controlling diabetes continue to increase.
NOTICE: The information on this site is presented for educational purposes only. These statements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease AND should not be substituted for the advice of your physician. The views and statements expressed here are the opinions and experiences of the author and should not be considered scientific conclusions.